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cuatro.2. Cougar case records and you may home-based sufferer

cuatro.2. Cougar case records and you may home-based sufferer

Relative chance of a reported cougar disagreement enjoy because of the relative odds of cougar use in the study area, and the diary relative chance electricity of confirmed covariate. Negative values indicate diminished chance, and you will confident beliefs suggest enhanced exposure. Black colored circles to your chart imply cougar secure metropolises

The fresh new cousin likelihood of an effective sighting feel is even implicitly conditioned to your where individual activities exist; not, it role was unobserved and you can unmodeled, which, care and attention would be taken when interpreting the consequences away from covariates to the cousin threat of a cougar sighting. Broadening elevation (? = 0.46) and you can topographic dampness (? = 0.24) had an optimistic affect the fresh relative likelihood of a good cougar sighting, offered cougar selection (Shape ? (Figure4). 4 ). Just like conflict events, in a keen exurban (? = step 1.18) or residential district/area (? = 2.60) including increased the newest cousin chance of a good sighting enjoy. Growing length to road (? = ?cuatro.61) and increasing length to housing (?6.38) decreased the brand new relative risk of a good sighting feel (Shape ? (Figure4 4 ).

Cougar predation for the domestic dogs essentially took place components you to cougars had been selecting to possess and you can inside high construction density portion with each other new east edge of the study town (Shape ? (Figure2)

Relative risk of a beneficial cougar sighting enjoy, because of the cousin likelihood of cougar fool around with, when you look at the investigation urban area, and the log cousin exposure power of a given covariate, such that negative viewpoints suggest diminished risk and you can confident philosophy suggest improved exposure. Black groups into map imply cougar compile cities

Although some cougar harvest occurred in the better housing density parts along the eastern side of the study urban area, most was at all the way down homes occurrence parts regarding west and you may central servings (Profile ? (Figure2)

Spatially, the new cousin risk of a good sighting enjoy is actually similar to the relative danger of a conflict knowledge, although not faster heterogeneous over the land, that’s almost certainly because of the nonsignificant effects of shelter, point to help you cover, heat packing, and the small results out of elevation and you will topographic water (Profile ? (Figure4). cuatro ). 2 ). Some predation towards the animals and you may pets did take place in lower houses occurrence components on the west and you will main portions of your data urban area. 2 ). Generally, cougar accumulate don’t occur in places that cougars had a tendency to rise above the crowd or in disagreement escort in Visalia which have individuals (Shape ? (Figure3 step three ).

Out-of 52 males and you may fifty girls that were grabbed and tracked inside the study, eleven boys and you may thirteen girls was basically advertised because of the public to own conflict conclusion. Of your males, 5 were very first seized and you may collared due to dispute behavior (step three livestock predation and you can dos because of place) (Figure ? (Figure5). 5 ). Of your own lady, nine had been initially grabbed and collared due to disagreement decisions (step three livestock predation, 1 home-based animals predation, and you can 5 due to area). All in all, twenty four conflict situations was in fact claimed to own male cougars: fourteen to have animals predation, 2 having predation with the dogs, and you can 8 for making use of a poor venue. AM13 is actually really the only men you to definitely presented repeated animals predation over a few days months, eliminating an effective llama (Lama glama) and you will 2 brief horses more than a great 5?week period but opting for several years in advance of destroying animals again. AM14 never slain animals until he had been 6 years old and you can next is euthanized having destroying numerous llamas in a single urban area over a month. A total of twenty six dispute events was said getting female cougars: 7 for livestock predation, 2 having predation toward dogs, and you may 17 for using a poor place.

Schedule to own tracked cougars doing work in a minumum of one people dispute experience right in front Variety of Tx off 2007 in order to 2016. Characters indicate a capture experiences (C), a death enjoy (H: bing search, N: absolute, E: euthanized), otherwise collar removing (R). Symbols indicate a conflict feel, that have overlapped which have a capture or death enjoy. Values at the outset of each line indicate years at first bring

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